National Center for
2QVC: Crystal Structure Of A Periplasmic Sugar Abc Transporter From Thermotoga Maritima
Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. (2012) 68 p.1460-1464
ABC transport systems have been characterized in organisms ranging from bacteria to humans. In most bacterial systems, the periplasmic component is the primary determinant of specificity of the transport complex as a whole. Here, the X-ray crystal structure of a periplasmic glucose-binding protein (GBP) from Thermotoga maritima determined at 2.4 A resolution is reported. The molecule consists of two similar alpha/beta domains connected by a three-stranded hinge region. In the current structure, a ligand (beta-D-glucose) is buried between the two domains, which have adopted a closed conformation. Details of the substrate-binding sites revealed features that determine substrate specificity. In toto, ten residues from both domains form eight hydrogen bonds to the bound sugar and four aromatic residues (two from each domain) stabilize the substrate through stacking interactions.