2QJU: Crystal Structure of an NSS Homolog With Bound Antidepressant

Citation:
Abstract
Tricyclic antidepressants exert their pharmacological effect-inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine-by directly blocking neurotransmitter transporters (SERT, NET, and DAT, respectively) in the presynaptic membrane. The drug-binding site and the mechanism of this inhibition are poorly understood. We determined the crystal structure at 2.9 angstroms of the bacterial leucine transporter (LeuT), a homolog of SERT, NET, and DAT, in complex with leucine and the antidepressant desipramine. Desipramine binds at the inner end of the extracellular cavity of the transporter and is held in place by a hairpin loop and by a salt bridge. This binding site is separated from the leucine-binding site by the extracellular gate of the transporter. By directly locking the gate, desipramine prevents conformational changes and blocks substrate transport. Mutagenesis experiments on human SERT and DAT indicate that both the desipramine-binding site and its inhibition mechanism are probably conserved in the human neurotransmitter transporters.
PDB ID: 2QJUDownload
MMDB ID: 79004
PDB Deposition Date: 2007/7/9
Updated in MMDB: 2011/12 
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.9  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2QJU: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 2QJU
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Transporter
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (9 molecules)
1
4
2
2
3
1
4
1
5
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB
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