2PMF: The Crystal Structure Of A Human Glycyl-trna Synthetase Mutant

Functional expansion of specific tRNA synthetases in higher organisms is well documented. These additional functions may explain why dominant mutations in glycyl-tRNA synthetase (GlyRS) and tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease, the most common heritable disease of the peripheral nervous system. At least 10 disease-causing mutant alleles of GlyRS have been annotated. These mutations scatter broadly across the primary sequence and have no apparent unifying connection. Here we report the structure of wild type and a CMT-causing mutant (G526R) of homodimeric human GlyRS. The mutation is at the site for synthesis of glycyl-adenylate, but the rest of the two structures are closely similar. Significantly, the mutant form diffracts to a higher resolution and has a greater dimer interface. The extra dimer interactions are located approximately 30 A away from the G526R mutation. Direct experiments confirm the tighter dimer interaction of the G526R protein. The results suggest the possible importance of subtle, long-range structural effects of CMT-causing mutations at the dimer interface. From analysis of a third crystal, an appended motif, found in higher eukaryote GlyRSs, seems not to have a role in these long-range effects.
PDB ID: 2PMFDownload
MMDB ID: 46613
PDB Deposition Date: 2007/4/21
Updated in MMDB: 2017/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.85  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2PMF: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA,PQS)
Molecular Components in 2PMF
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Glycyl-trna Synthetase(Gene symbol: GARS)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (4 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB