National Center for
2P9N: Crystal Structure Of Bovine Arp2/3 Complex Co-crystallized With Adp
Insights into the influence of nucleotides on actin family proteins from seven structures of Arp2/3 complex
Mol. Cell (2007) 26 p.449-457
ATP is required for nucleation of actin filament branches by Arp2/3 complex, but the influence of ATP binding and hydrolysis are poorly understood. We determined crystal structures of bovine Arp2/3 complex cocrystallized with various bound adenine nucleotides and cations. Nucleotide binding favors closure of the nucleotide-binding cleft of Arp3, but no large-scale conformational changes in the complex. Thus, ATP binding does not directly activate Arp2/3 complex but is part of a network of interactions that contribute to nucleation. We compared nucleotide-induced conformational changes of residues lining the cleft in Arp3 and actin structures to construct a movie depicting the proposed ATPase cycle for the actin family. Chemical crosslinking stabilized subdomain 1 of Arp2, revealing new electron density for 69 residues in this subdomain. Steric clashes with Arp3 appear to be responsible for intrinsic disorder of subdomains 1 and 2 of Arp2 in inactive Arp2/3 complex.