2OVW: Endoglucanase I Complexed With Cellobiose

Citation:
Abstract
The mechanisms involved in the enzymatic degradation of cellulose are of great ecological and commercial importance. The breakdown of cellulose by fungal species is performed by a consortium of free enzymes, known as cellobiohydrolases and endoglucanases, which are found in many of the 57 glycosyl hydrolase families. The structure of the endoglucanase I (EG I), found in glycosyl hydrolase family 7, from the thermophilic fungus Fusarium oxysporum has been solved at 2.3 A resolution. In addition to the native enzyme, structures have also been determined with both the affinity label, 3,4-epoxybutyl beta-D-cellobioside, and the reaction product cellobiose. The affinity label is covalently bound, as expected, to the catalytic nucleophile, Glu197, with clear evidence for binding of both the R and S stereoisomers. Cellobiose is found bound to the -2 and -1 subsites of the enzyme. In marked contrast to the structure of EG I with a nonhydrolyzable thiosaccharide analog, which spanned the -2, -1, and +1 subsites and which had a skew-boat conformation for the -1 subsite sugar [Sulzenbacher, G., et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 15280-15287], the cellobiose complex shows no pyranoside ring distortion in the -1 subsite, implying that strain is induced primarily by the additional +1 subsite interactions and that the product is found, as expected, in its unstrained conformation.
PDB ID: 2OVWDownload
MMDB ID: 53996
PDB Deposition Date: 1997/4/4
Updated in MMDB: 2007/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.3  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2OVW: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 2OVW
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Endoglucanase I
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (4 molecules)
1
3
2
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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