2NS3: Solution structure of ribbon BuIA

BACKGROUND: Alpha-conotoxins have exciting therapeutic potential based on their high selectivity and affinity for nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. The spacing between the cysteine residues in alpha-conotoxins is variable, leading to the classification of sub-families. BuIA is the only alpha-conotoxin containing a 4/4 cysteine spacing and thus it is of significant interest to examine the structure of this conotoxin. RESULTS: In the current study we show the native globular disulfide connectivity of BuIA displays multiple conformations in solution whereas the non-native ribbon isomer has a single well-defined conformation. Despite having multiple conformations in solution the globular form of BuIA displays activity at the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, contrasting with the lack of activity of the structurally well-defined ribbon isomer. CONCLUSION: These findings are opposite to the general trends observed for alpha-conotoxins where the native isomers have well-defined structures and the ribbon isomers are generally disordered. This study thus highlights the influence of the disulfide connectivity of BuIA on the dynamics of the three-dimensional structure.
PDB ID: 2NS3Download
MMDB ID: 74744
PDB Deposition Date: 2006/11/3
Updated in MMDB: 2009/07
Experimental Method:
solution nmr
Similar Structures:
Molecular Components in 2NS3
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Alpha-conotoxin Buia
Molecule annotation
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