National Center for
2LSP: solution structures of BRD4 second bromodomain with NF-kB-K310ac peptide
Down-regulation of NF-kappaB transcriptional activity in HIV-associated kidney disease by BRD4 inhibition
J. Biol. Chem. (2012) 287 p.28840-28851
NF-kappaB-mediated inflammation is the major pathology in chronic kidney diseases, including HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) that ultimately progresses to end stage renal disease. HIV infection in the kidney induces NF-kappaB activation, leading to the production of proinflammatory chemokines, cytokines, and adhesion molecules. In this study, we explored selective inhibition of NF-kappaB transcriptional activity by small molecule blocking NF-kappaB binding to the transcriptional cofactor BRD4, which is required for the assembly of the productive transcriptional complex comprising positive transcription elongation factor b and RNA polymerase II. We showed that our BET (Bromodomain and Extra-Terminal domain)-specific bromodomain inhibitor MS417, designed to block BRD4 binding to the acetylated NF-kappaB, effectively attenuates NF-kappaB transcriptional activation of proinflammatory genes in kidney cells treated with TNFalpha or infected by HIV. MS417 ameliorates inflammation and kidney injury in HIV-1 transgenic mice, an animal model for HIVAN. Our study suggests that BET bromodomain inhibition, targeting at the proinflammatory activity of NF-kappaB, represents a new therapeutic approach for treating NF-kappaB-mediated inflammation and kidney injury in HIVAN.