2IT6: Crystal Structure Of Dcsign-Crd With Man2

Citation:
Abstract
The dendritic cell surface receptor DC-SIGN and the closely related endothelial cell receptor DC-SIGNR specifically recognize high mannose N-linked carbohydrates on viral pathogens. Previous studies have shown that these receptors bind the outer trimannose branch Manalpha1-3[Manalpha1-6]Manalpha present in high mannose structures. Although the trimannoside binds to DC-SIGN or DC-SIGNR more strongly than mannose, additional affinity enhancements are observed in the presence of one or more Manalpha1-2Manalpha moieties on the nonreducing termini of oligomannose structures. The molecular basis of this enhancement has been investigated by determining crystal structures of DC-SIGN bound to a synthetic six-mannose fragment of a high mannose N-linked oligosaccharide, Manalpha1-2Manalpha1-3[Manalpha1-2Manalpha1-6]Manalpha1-6Man and to the disaccharide Manalpha1-2Man. The structures reveal mixtures of two binding modes in each case. Each mode features typical C-type lectin binding at the principal Ca2+-binding site by one mannose residue. In addition, other sugar residues form contacts unique to each binding mode. These results suggest that the affinity enhancement displayed toward oligosaccharides decorated with the Manalpha1-2Manalpha structure is due in part to multiple binding modes at the primary Ca2+ site, which provide both additional contacts and a statistical (entropic) enhancement of binding.
PDB ID: 2IT6Download
MMDB ID: 43014
PDB Deposition Date: 2006/10/19
Updated in MMDB: 2006/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.95  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2IT6: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 2IT6
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Cd209 Antigen(Gene symbol: CD209)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (5 molecules)
1
2
2
3
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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