National Center for
2INV: Crystal Structure Of Insulin Fructotransferase In The Presence Of Di- Fructose
Structural and functional insights into intramolecular fructosyl transfer by inulin fructotransferase
J. Biol. Chem. (2007) 282 p.8414-8423
Inulin fructotransferase (IFTase), a member of glycoside hydrolase family 91, catalyzes depolymerization of beta-2,1-fructans inulin by successively removing the terminal difructosaccharide units as cyclic anhydrides via intramolecular fructosyl transfer. The crystal structures of IFTase and its substrate-bound complex reveal that IFTase is a trimeric enzyme, and each monomer folds into a right-handed parallel beta-helix. Despite variation in the number and conformation of its beta-strands, the IFTase beta-helix has a structure that is largely reminiscent of other beta-helix structures but is unprecedented in that trimerization is a prerequisite for catalytic activity, and the active site is located at the monomer-monomer interface. Results from crystallographic studies and site-directed mutagenesis provide a structural basis for the exolytic-type activity of IFTase and a functional resemblance to inverting-type glycosyltransferases.