2HGL: NMR structure of the first qRRM domain of human hnRNP F

The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) F belongs to the hnRNP H family involved in the regulation of alternative splicing and polyadenylation and specifically recognizes poly(G) sequences (G-tracts). In particular, hnRNP F binds a G-tract of the Bcl-x RNA and regulates its alternative splicing, leading to two isoforms, Bcl-x(S) and Bcl-x(L), with antagonist functions. In order to gain insight into G-tract recognition by hnRNP H members, we initiated an NMR study of human hnRNP F. We present the solution structure of the three quasi RNA recognition motifs (qRRMs) of hnRNP F and identify the residues that are important for the interaction with the Bcl-x RNA by NMR chemical shift perturbation and mutagenesis experiments. The three qRRMs exhibit the canonical betaalphabetabetaalphabeta RRM fold but additional secondary structure elements are present in the two N-terminal qRRMs of hnRNP F. We show that qRRM1 and qRRM2 but not qRRM3 are responsible for G-tract recognition and that the residues of qRRM1 and qRRM2 involved in G-tract interaction are not on the beta-sheet surface as observed for the classical RRM but are part of a short beta-hairpin and two adjacent loops. These regions define a novel interaction surface for RNA recognition by RRMs.
PDB ID: 2HGLDownload
MMDB ID: 40574
PDB Deposition Date: 2006/6/27
Updated in MMDB: 2007/11
Experimental Method:
solution nmr
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2HGL: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 2HGL
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein F
Molecule annotation
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