National Center for
2H5E: Crystal Structure Of E.Coli Polypeptide Release Factor Rf3
RF3 induces ribosomal conformational changes responsible for dissociation of class I release factors
Cell (2007) 129 p.929-941
During translation termination, class II release factor RF3 binds to the ribosome to promote rapid dissociation of a class I release factor (RF) in a GTP-dependent manner. We present the crystal structure of E. coli RF3*GDP, which has a three-domain architecture strikingly similar to the structure of EF-Tu*GTP. Biochemical data on RF3 mutants show that a surface region involving domains II and III is important for distinct steps in the action cycle of RF3. Furthermore, we present a cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structure of the posttermination ribosome bound with RF3 in the GTP form. Our data show that RF3*GTP binding induces large conformational changes in the ribosome, which break the interactions of the class I RF with both the decoding center and the GTPase-associated center of the ribosome, apparently leading to the release of the class I RF.