National Center for
2H2P: Crystal Structure Of Clc-ec1 In Complex With Fab Fragment In Secn-
J. Mol. Biol. (2006) 362 p.682-690
CLC-ec1 is a bacterial archetype of CLC transporters, a ubiquitous class of proteins that catalyze transmembrane exchange of Cl- and H+ necessary for pH regulation of numerous physiological processes. Despite a profusion of high-resolution structures, the molecular mechanism of exchange remains unknown. Here, we rigorously demonstrate strict exchange stoichiometry of 2 Cl-/1 H+. In addition to Cl- and Br-, two non-halide ions, NO3- and SCN-, are shown to be transported by CLC-ec1, but with reduced H+ counter-transport. The loss of proton coupling to these anions is accompanied by an absence of bound anions in the central and external Cl- binding sites in the protein's anion selectivity region, as revealed by crystallographic comparison of Br- and SeCN- bound to this region.