National Center for
2FCO: Crystal Structure Of Bacillus Stearothermophilus Prfa-Holliday Junction Resolvase
Structure, flexibility, and mechanism of the Bacillus stearothermophilus RecU Holliday junction resolvase
Proteins (2007) 68 p.961-971
Here we report a high resolution structure of RecU-Holliday junction resolvase from Bacillus stearothermophilus. The functional unit of RecU is a homodimer that contains a "mushroom" like structure with a rigid cap and two highly flexible loops extending outwards. These loops appear to be highly flexible/dynamic, and presumably are directly involved in DNA binding and holding it for catalysis. Structural modifications of both the protein and DNA upon their interaction are essential for catalysis. An Mg2+ ion is present in each of the two active sites in this homodimeric enzyme, and two water molecules are coordinated with each Mg2+ ion. Our data are consistent with one of these water molecules acting as a nucleophile and the other as a general acid. The identities of the general base and general acid involved in catalysis and the Lewis acid that stabilizes the pentacovalent transition state phosphate ion are proposed. A model for the RecU-Holliday junction DNA complex is also proposed and discussed in the context of DNA binding and cleavage.