National Center for
2F4O: The Mouse Pngase-hr23 Complex Reveals A Complete Remodulation Of The Protein-protein Interface Compared To Its Yeast Orthologs
Structure of the mouse peptide N-glycanase-HR23 complex suggests co-evolution of the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation and DNA repair pathways
J. Biol. Chem. (2006) 281 p.13751-13761
Peptide N-glycanase removes N-linked oligosaccharides from misfolded glycoproteins as part of the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation pathway. This process involves the formation of a tight complex of peptide N-glycanase with Rad23 in yeast and the orthologous HR23 proteins in mammals. In addition to its function in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation, HR23 is also involved in DNA repair, where it plays an important role in damage recognition in complex with the xeroderma pigmentosum group C protein. To characterize the dual role of HR23, we have determined the high resolution crystal structure of the mouse peptide N-glycanase catalytic core in complex with the xeroderma pigmentosum group C binding domain from HR23B. Peptide N-glycanase features a large cleft between its catalytic cysteine protease core and zinc binding domain. Opposite the zinc binding domain is the HR23B-interacting region, and surprisingly, the complex interface is fundamentally different from the orthologous yeast peptide N-glycanase-Rad23 complex. Different regions on both proteins are involved in complex formation, revealing an amazing degree of divergence in the interaction between two highly homologous proteins. Furthermore, the mouse peptide N-glycanase-HR23B complex mimics the interaction between xeroderma pigmentosum group C and HR23B, thereby providing a first structural model of how the two proteins interact within the nucleotide excision repair cascade in higher eukaryotes. The different interaction interfaces of the xeroderma pigmentosum group C binding domains in yeast and mammals suggest a co-evolution of the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation and DNA repair pathways.