National Center for
2E1B: Crystal Structure Of The Alax-M Trans-Editing Enzyme From Pyrococcus Horikoshii
Acta Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr. (2007) 63 p.390-400
The editing domain of alanyl-tRNA synthetase (AlaRS) contributes to high-fidelity aminoacylation by hydrolyzing (editing) the incorrect products Ser-tRNA(Ala) and Gly-tRNA(Ala) (cis-editing). The AlaX protein shares sequence homology to the editing domain of AlaRS. There are three types of AlaX proteins, with different numbers of amino-acid residues (AlaX-S, AlaX-M and AlaX-L). In this report, AlaX-M from Pyrococcus horikoshii is shown to deacylate Ser-tRNA(Ala) and Gly-tRNA(Ala) (trans-editing). The crystal structure of P. horikoshii AlaX-M has been determined at 2.7 A resolution. AlaX-M consists of an N-terminal domain (N-domain) and a C-terminal domain (C-domain). A zinc ion is coordinated by the conserved zinc-binding cluster in the C-domain, which is expected to be the enzymatic active site. The glycine-rich motif, consisting of successive conserved glycine residues in the N-domain, forms a loop (the 'glycine-rich loop'). The glycine-rich loop is located near the active site and may be involved in substrate recognition and/or catalysis.