National Center for
2DCH: Crystal Structure Of Archaeal Intron-Encoded Homing Endonuclease I- Tsp061i
Structure of a hyperthermophilic archaeal homing endonuclease, I-Tsp061I: contribution of cross-domain polar networks to thermostability
J. Mol. Biol. (2007) 365 p.362-378
A novel LAGLIDADG-type homing endonuclease (HEase), I-Tsp061I, from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermoproteus sp. IC-061 16 S rRNA gene (rDNA) intron was characterized with respect to its structure, catalytic properties and thermostability. It was found that I-Tsp061I is a HEase isoschizomer of the previously described I-PogI and exhibits the highest thermostability among the known LAGLIDADG-type HEases. Determination of the crystal structure of I-Tsp061I at 2.1 A resolution using the multiple isomorphous replacement and anomalous scattering method revealed that the overall fold is similar to that of other known LAGLIDADG-type HEases, despite little sequence similarity between I-Tsp061I and those HEases. However, I-Tsp061I contains important cross-domain polar networks, unlike its mesophilic counterparts. Notably, the polar network Tyr6-Asp104-His180-107O-HOH12-104O-Asn177 exists across the two packed alpha-helices containing both the LAGLIDADG catalytic motif and the GxxxG hydrophobic helix bundle motif. Another important structural feature is the salt-bridge network Asp29-Arg31-Glu182 across N and C-terminal domain interface, which appears to contribute to the stability of the domain/domain packing. On the basis of these structural analyses and extensive mutational studies, we conclude that such cross-domain polar networks play key roles in stabilizing the catalytic center and domain packing, and underlie the hyperthermostability of I-Tsp061I.