2D1Z: Crystal Structure Of Catalytic-Site Mutant Xylanase From Streptomyces Olivaceoviridis E-86

Citation:
Abstract
Retaining glycosyl hydrolases, which catalyse both glycosylation and deglycosylation in a concerted manner, are the most abundant hydrolases. To date, their visualization has tended to be focused on glycosylation because glycosylation reactions can be visualized by inactivating deglycosylation step and/or using substrate analogues to isolate covalent intermediates. Furthermore, during structural analyses of glycosyl hydrolases with hydrolytic reaction products by the conventional soaking method, mutarotation of an anomeric carbon in the reaction products promptly and certainly occurs. This undesirable structural alteration hinders visualization of the second step in the reaction. Here, we investigated X-ray crystallographic visualization as a possible method for visualizing the conformational itinerary of a retaining xylanase from Streptomyces olivaceoviridis E-86. To clearly define the stereochemistry at the anomeric carbon during the deglycosylation step, extraneous nucleophiles, such as azide, were adopted to substitute for the missing base catalyst in an appropriate mutant. The X-ray crystallographic visualization provided snapshots of the components of the entire reaction, including the E*S complex, the covalent intermediate, breakdown of the intermediate and the enzyme-product (E*P)complex.
PDB ID: 2D1ZDownload
MMDB ID: 41970
PDB Deposition Date: 2005/9/2
Updated in MMDB: 2006/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.6  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2D1Z: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 2D1Z
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Endo-1,4-beta-d-xylanase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (5 molecules)
1
5
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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