National Center for
2CNS: RimI - Ribosomal S18 N-alpha-protein acetyltransferase in complex with acetylCoA
Crystal structure of RimI from Salmonella typhimurium LT2, the GNAT responsible for N(alpha)-acetylation of ribosomal protein S18
Protein Sci. (2008) 17 p.1781-1790
The three ribosomal proteins L7, S5, and S18 are included in the rare subset of prokaryotic proteins that are known to be N(alpha)-acetylated. The GCN5-related N-acetyltransferase (GNAT) protein RimI, responsible for the N(alpha)-acetylation of the ribosomal protein S18, was cloned from Salmonella typhimurium LT2 (RimI(ST)), overexpressed, and purified to homogeneity. Steady-state kinetic parameters for RimI(ST) were determined for AcCoA and a peptide substrate consisting of the first six amino acids of the target protein S18. The crystal structure of RimI(ST) was determined in complex with CoA, AcCoA, and a CoA-S-acetyl-ARYFRR bisubstrate inhibitor. The structures are consistent with a direct nucleophilic addition-elimination mechanism with Glu103 and Tyr115 acting as the catalytic base and acid, respectively. The RimI(ST)-bisubstrate complex suggests that several residues change conformation upon interacting with the N terminus of S18, including Glu103, the proposed active site base, facilitating proton exchange and catalysis.