National Center for
2CDX: STRUCTURE OF COBRA CARDIOTOXIN CTXI AS DERIVED FROM NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY AND DISTANCE GEOMETRY CALCULATIONS
Structure of cobra cardiotoxin CTX I as derived from nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and distance geometry calculations
J. Mol. Biol. (1994) 240 p.445-458
The structure of cardiotoxin CTX I from Naja naja atra has been investigated by NMR spectroscopy. Sequence specific resonance assignments have been obtained for all backbone protons as well as for most side-chain protons. Distance geometry calculations were carried out using a metric matrix DG program. A total of 715 NOE constraints, 27 phi angle constraints and a list of the hydrogen bond donors were used for the metric matrix DG calculations and refinement. The average pairwise r.m.s.d. of the resulting structures was 1.01 A for the backbone heavy atoms, and 1.69 A for all heavy atoms. The protein is rich in beta structure and consists of a large triple-stranded, antiparallel beta sheet as well as a short double-stranded, antiparallel beta sheet. Non-regular hydrogen bonding is found between side-chains of the carboxy-terminal end and the rest of the core region. The structure is discussed in terms of evolutionary aspects as well as recent investigations about the biological function and active site.