2BIH: Crystal Structure Of The Molybdenum-containing Nitrate Reducing Fragment Of Pichia Angusta Assimilatory Nitrate Reductase

Nitrate assimilation in autotrophs provides most of the reduced nitrogen on earth. In eukaryotes, reduction of nitrate to nitrite is catalyzed by the molybdenum-containing NAD(P)H:nitrate reductase (NR; EC In addition to the molybdenum center, NR contains iron-heme and flavin adenine dinucleotide as redox cofactors involved in an internal electron transport chain from NAD(P)H to nitrate. Recombinant, catalytically active Pichia angusta nitrate-reducing, molybdenum-containing fragment (NR-Mo) was expressed in P. pastoris and purified. Crystal structures for NR-Mo were determined at 1.7 and 2.6 angstroms. These structures revealed a unique slot for binding nitrate in the active site and identified key Arg and Trp residues potentially involved in nitrate binding. Dimeric NR-Mo is similar in overall structure to sulfite oxidases, with significant differences in the active site. Sulfate bound in the active site caused conformational changes, as compared with the unbound enzyme. Four ordered water molecules located in close proximity to Mo define a nitrate binding site, a penta-coordinated reaction intermediate, and product release. Because yeast NAD(P)H:NR is representative of the family of eukaryotic NR, we propose a general mechanism for nitrate reduction catalysis.
PDB ID: 2BIHDownload
MMDB ID: 32671
PDB Deposition Date: 2005/1/21
Updated in MMDB: 2007/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.6  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2BIH: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 2BIH
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Nitrate Reductase [nadph]
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB