2AZL: Crystal Structure For The Mutant F117e Of Thermotoga Maritima Octaprenyl Pyrophosphate Synthase

Hexaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (HexPPs) from Sulfolobus solfataricus catalyzes the synthesis of trans-C(30)-hexaprenyl pyrophosphate (HexPP) by reacting two isopentenyl pyrophosphate molecules with one geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate. The crystal structure of the homodimeric C(30)-HexPPs resembles those of other trans-prenyltransferases, including farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPPs) and octaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (OPPs). In both subunits, 10 core helices are arranged about a central active site cavity. Leu164 in the middle of the cavity controls the product chain length. Two protein conformers are observed in the S. solfataricus HexPPs structure, and the major difference between them occurs in the flexible region of residues 84 to 100. Several helices (alphaI, alphaJ, alphaK, and part of alphaH) and the associated loops have high-temperature factors in one monomer, which may be related to the domain motion that controls the entrance to the active site. Different side chain conformations of Trp136 in two HexPPs subunits result in weaker hydrophobic interactions at the dimer interface, in contrast to the symmetric pi-pi stacking interactions of aromatic side chains found in FPPs and OPPs. Finally, the three-conformer switched model may explain the catalytic process for HexPPs.
PDB ID: 2AZLDownload
MMDB ID: 38011
PDB Deposition Date: 2005/9/12
Updated in MMDB: 2007/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.8  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2AZL: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 2AZL
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Octoprenyl-diphosphate Synthase(Gene symbol: TM1535)
Molecule annotation
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB