2AB2: Mineralocorticoid Receptor Double Mutant With Bound Spironolactone

Ligand binding is the first step in hormone regulation of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activity. Here, we report multiple crystal structures of MR (NR3C2) bound to both agonist and antagonists. These structures combined with mutagenesis studies reveal that maximal receptor activation involves an intricate ligand-mediated hydrogen bond network with Asn770 which serves dual roles: stabilization of the loop preceding the C-terminal activation function-2 helix and direct contact with the hormone ligand. In addition, most activating ligands hydrogen bond to Thr945 on helix 10. Structural characterization of the naturally occurring S810L mutant explains how stabilization of a helix 3/helix 5 interaction can circumvent the requirement for this hydrogen bond network. Taken together, these results explain the potency of MR activation by aldosterone, the weak activation induced by progesterone and the antihypertensive agent spironolactone, and the binding selectivity of cortisol over cortisone.
PDB ID: 2AB2Download
MMDB ID: 34435
PDB Deposition Date: 2005/7/14
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.85  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2AB2: dimeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 2AB2
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Mineralocorticoid Receptor(Gene symbol: NR3C2)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (3 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB