1Z7S: The Crystal Structure Of Coxsackievirus A21

CVA21 and polioviruses both belong to the Enterovirus genus in the family of Picornaviridae, whereas rhinoviruses form a distinct picornavirus genus. Nevertheless, CVA21 and the major group of human rhinoviruses recognize intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) as their cellular receptor, whereas polioviruses use poliovirus receptor. The crystal structure of CVA21 has been determined to 3.2 A resolution. Its structure has greater similarity to poliovirus structures than to other known picornavirus structures. Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) was used to determine an 8.0 A resolution structure of CVA21 complexed with an ICAM-1 variant, ICAM-1(Kilifi). The cryo-EM map was fitted with the crystal structures of ICAM-1 and CVA21. Significant differences in the structure of CVA21 with respect to the poliovirus structures account for the inability of ICAM-1 to bind polioviruses. The interface between CVA21 and ICAM-1 has shape and electrostatic complementarity with many residues being conserved among those CVAs that bind ICAM-1.
PDB ID: 1Z7SDownload
MMDB ID: 52199
PDB Deposition Date: 2005/3/28
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 3.2  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1Z7S: 240-meric

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