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1Z3U: Structure Of The Angiopoietin-2 Recptor Binding Domain And Identification Of Surfaces Involved In Tie2 Recognition
Structure of the angiopoietin-2 receptor binding domain and identification of surfaces involved in Tie2 recognition
Structure (2005) 13 p.825-832
The angiopoietins comprise a small class of secreted glycoproteins that play crucial roles in the maturation and maintenance of the mammalian vascular and lymphatic systems. They exert their effects through a member of the tyrosine kinase receptor family, Tie2. Angiopoietin/Tie2 signaling is unique among tyrosine kinase receptor-ligand systems in that distinct angiopoietin ligands, although highly homologous, can function as agonists or antagonists in a context-dependent manner. In an effort to understand this molecular dichotomy, we have crystallized and determined the 2.4 A crystal structure of the Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) receptor binding region. The structure reveals a fibrinogen fold with a unique C-terminal P domain. Conservation analysis and structure-based mutagenesis identify a groove on the Ang2 molecular surface that mediates receptor recognition.