1X8R: Epsps Liganded With The (s)-phosphonate Analog Of The Tetrahedral Reaction Intermediate

Citation:
Abstract
The enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) catalyzes the penultimate step of the shikimate pathway and is the target of the broad-spectrum herbicide glyphosate. Since the functionality of the shikimate pathway is vital not only for plants but also for microorganisms, EPSPS is considered a prospective target for the development of novel antibiotics. We have kinetically analyzed and determined the crystal structures of Escherichia coli EPSPS inhibited by (R)- and (S)-configured phosphonate analogues of the tetrahedral reaction intermediate. Both diastereomers are competitive inhibitors with respect to the substrates of the EPSPS reaction, shikimate-3-phosphate (S3P) and phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP). Remarkably, the (S)-phosphonate (K(iS3P) = 750 nM), whose configuration corresponds to that of the genuine tetrahedral intermediate, is a much weaker inhibitor than the (R)-phosphonate analogue (K(iS3P) = 16 nM). The crystal structures of EPSPS liganded with the (S)- and (R)-phosphonates, at 1.5 and 1.9 A resolution, respectively, revealed that binding of the (R)-phosphonate induces conformational changes of the strictly conserved residues Arg124 and Glu341 within the active site. This appears to give rise to substantial structural alterations in the amino-terminal globular domain of the enzyme. By contrast, binding of the (S)-phosphonate renders the enzyme structure unchanged. Thus, EPSPS may facilitate the tight binding of structurally diverse ligands through conformational flexibility. Molecular docking calculations did not explain why the (R)-phosphonate is the better inhibitor. Therefore, we propose that the structural events during the open-closed transition of EPSPS are altered as a result of inhibitor action.
PDB ID: 1X8RDownload
MMDB ID: 32831
PDB Deposition Date: 2004/8/18
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.5  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1X8R: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 1X8R
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase(Gene symbol: aroA)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (13 molecules)
1
1
2
12
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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