National Center for
1WLF: Structure Of The N-terminal Domain Of Pex1 Aaa-atpase: Characterization Of A Putative Adaptor-binding Domain
Structure of the N-terminal domain of PEX1 AAA-ATPase. Characterization of a putative adaptor-binding domain
J. Biol. Chem. (2004) 279 p.50060-50068
Peroxisomes are responsible for several pathways in primary metabolism, including beta-oxidation and lipid biosynthesis. PEX1 and PEX6 are hexameric AAA-type ATPases, both of which are indispensable in targeting over 50 peroxisomal resident proteins from the cytosol to the peroxisomes. Although the tandem AAA-ATPase domains in the central region of PEX1 and PEX6 are highly similar, the N-terminal sequences are unique. To better understand the distinct molecular function of these two proteins, we analyzed the unique N-terminal domain (NTD) of PEX1. Extensive computational analysis revealed weak similarity (<10% identity) of PEX1 NTD to the N-terminal domains of other membrane-related type II AAA-ATPases, such as VCP (p97) and NSF. We have determined the crystal structure of mouse PEX1 NTD at 2.05-A resolution, which clearly demonstrated that the domain belongs to the double-psi-barrel fold family found in the other AAA-ATPases. The N-domains of both VCP and NSF are structural neighbors of PEX1 NTD with a 2.7- and 2.1-A root mean square deviation of backbone atoms, respectively. Our findings suggest that the supradomain architecture, which is composed of a single N-terminal domain followed by tandem AAA domains, is a common feature of organellar membrane-associating AAA-ATPases. We propose that PEX1 functions as a protein unfoldase in peroxisomal biogenesis, using its N-terminal putative adaptor-binding domain.