1W1R: Plant Cytokinin Dehydrogenase In Complex With Trans-zeatin

Cytokinins form a diverse class of compounds that are essential for plant growth. Cytokinin dehydrogenase has a major role in the control of the levels of these plant hormones by catalysing their irreversible oxidation. The crystal structure of Zea mays cytokinin dehydrogenase displays the same two-domain topology of the flavoenzymes of the vanillyl-alcohol oxidase family but its active site cannot be related to that of any other family member. The X-ray analysis reveals a bipartite architecture of the catalytic centre, which consists of a funnel-shaped region on the protein surface and an internal cavity lined by the flavin ring. A pore with diameter of about 4A connects the two active-site regions. Snapshots of two critical steps along the reaction cycle were obtained through the structural analysis of the complexes with a slowly reacting substrate and the reaction product, which correspond to the states immediately before (Michaelis complex) and after (product complex) oxidation has taken place. The substrate displays a "plug-into-socket" binding mode that seals the catalytic site and precisely positions the carbon atom undergoing oxidation in close contact with the reactive locus of the flavin. A polarising H-bond between the substrate amine group and an Asp-Glu pair may facilitate oxidation. Substrate to product conversion results in small atomic movements, which lead to a planar conformation of the reaction product allowing double-bond conjugation. These features in the mechanism of amine recognition and oxidation differ from those observed in other flavin-dependent amine oxidases.
PDB ID: 1W1RDownload
MMDB ID: 29228
PDB Deposition Date: 2004/6/23
Updated in MMDB: 2007/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.9  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1W1R: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PQS)
Molecular Components in 1W1R
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Cytokinin Dehydrogenase 1(Gene symbol: cko1)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (7 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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