1VZ0: Chromosome segregation protein Spo0J from Thermus thermophilus

Citation:
Abstract
Prokaryotic chromosomes and plasmids encode partitioning systems that are required for DNA segregation at cell division. The plasmid partitioning loci encode two proteins, ParA and ParB, and a cis-acting centromere-like site denoted parS. The chromosomally encoded homologues of ParA and ParB, Soj and Spo0J, play an active role in chromosome segregation during bacterial cell division and sporulation. Spo0J is a DNA-binding protein that binds to parS sites in vivo. We have solved the X-ray crystal structure of a C-terminally truncated Spo0J (amino acids 1-222) from Thermus thermophilus to 2.3 A resolution by multiwavelength anomalous dispersion. It is a DNA-binding protein with structural similarity to the helix-turn-helix (HTH) motif of the lambda repressor DNA-binding domain. The crystal structure is an antiparallel dimer with the recognition alpha-helices of the HTH motifs of each monomer separated by a distance of 34 A corresponding to the length of the helical repeat of B-DNA. Sedimentation velocity and equilibrium ultracentrifugation studies show that full-length Spo0J exists in a monomer-dimer equilibrium in solution and that Spo0J1-222 is exclusively monomeric. Sedimentation of the C-terminal domain of Spo0J shows it to be exclusively dimeric, confirming that the C-terminus is the primary dimerization domain. We hypothesize that the C-terminus mediates dimerization of Spo0J, thereby effectively increasing the local concentration of the N-termini, which most probably dimerize, as shown by our structure, upon binding to a cognate parS site.
PDB ID: 1VZ0Download
MMDB ID: 28817
PDB Deposition Date: 2004/5/12
Updated in MMDB: 2007/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.3  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1VZ0: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PQS)
Molecular Components in 1VZ0
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Chromosome-partitioning Protein Spo0j
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (5 molecules)
1
4
2
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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