1VIP: ANTICOAGULANT CLASS II PHOSPHOLIPASE A2 FROM THE VENOM OF VIPERA RUSSELLI RUSSELLI

Citation:
Abstract
The three-dimensional structures of the class II anticoagulant phospholipase A2 (PLA2) toxin RVV-VD from the venom of Russell's viper, Vipera russelli russelli, and the class I neurotoxic PLA2 Notechis II-5 from the, Australian tiger snake, Notechis scutatus scutatus, were determined to 2.2 A and 3.0 A resolution, respectively. Both enzymes are monomeric and consist of 121 and 119 residues, respectively. A comparison of ten class I/II PLA2 structures showed, among other differences, that the beta-sheet of these enzymes (residues 76-83) is about 90 degrees less twisted in class I than in class II PLA2s. This, along with the insertion of some residues in the region 57-59 in class I enzymes (the elapid loop), could be the main reason for the significant difference in the anticoagulant and (presynaptic) neurotoxic properties between the two classes of PLA2. It seems apparent from sequence and structural comparisons that the toxic site of PLA2 responsible for the strong anticoagulancy of these toxins consists of a negatively charged part, Glu53, together with a positively charged ridge of lysine residues free for intermolecular interactions. These lysines differ between the two classes of PLA2.
PDB ID: 1VIPDownload
MMDB ID: 57600
PDB Deposition Date: 1997/2/27
Updated in MMDB: 2012/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.2  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1VIP: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 1VIP
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Phospholipase A2
Molecule annotation
Chemical (1 molecule)
1
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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