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1VFY: Phosphatidylinositol-3-Phosphate Binding Fyve Domain Of Vps27p Protein From Saccharomyces Cerevisiae
Crystal structure of a phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate-specific membrane-targeting motif, the FYVE domain of Vps27p
Cell (1999) 97 p.657-666
Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate regulates membrane trafficking and signaling pathways by interacting with the FYVE domains of target proteins. The 1.15 A structure of the Vps27p FYVE domain reveals two antiparallel beta sheets and an alpha helix stabilized by two Zn2+-binding clusters. The core secondary structures are similar to a rabphilin-3A Zn2+-binding domain and to the C1 and LIM domains. Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate binds to a pocket formed by the (R/K)(R/K)HHCR motif. A lattice contact shows how anionic ligands can interact with the phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate-binding site. The tip of the FYVE domain has basic and hydrophobic surfaces positioned so that nonspecific interactions with the phospholipid bilayer can abet specific binding to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate.