1UWP: Initial Events In The Photocycle Of Photoactive Yellow Protein

The light-induced isomerization of a double bond is the key event that allows the conversion of light energy into a structural change in photoactive proteins for many light-mediated biological processes, such as vision, photosynthesis, photomorphogenesis, and photo movement. Cofactors such as retinals, linear tetrapyrroles, and 4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid have been selected by nature that provide the essential double bond to transduce the light signal into a conformational change and eventually, a physiological response. Here we report the first events after light excitation of the latter chromophore, containing a single ethylene double bond, in a low temperature crystallographic study of the photoactive yellow protein. We measured experimental phases to overcome possible model bias, corrected for minimized radiation damage, and measured absorption spectra of crystals to analyze the photoproducts formed. The data show a mechanism for the light activation of photoactive yellow protein, where the energy to drive the remainder of the conformational changes is stored in a slightly strained but fully cis-chromophore configuration. In addition, our data indicate a role for backbone rearrangements during the very early structural events.
PDB ID: 1UWPDownload
MMDB ID: 51742
PDB Deposition Date: 2004/2/11
Updated in MMDB: 2007/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.2  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1UWP: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PQS)
Molecular Components in 1UWP
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Photoactive Yellow Protein
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (3 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB