1TB4: Crystal Structure Of Aspartate-semialdehyde Dehydrogenase From Haemophilus Influenzae With A Bound Periodate

Citation:
Abstract
The reversible dephosphorylation of beta-aspartyl phosphate to L-aspartate-beta-semialdehyde (ASA) in the aspartate biosynthetic pathway is catalyzed by aspartate-beta-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (ASADH). The phosphate that is present to activate the aspartate carboxyl group is held in a separate and distinct binding site once removed and prior to its release from the enzyme. This site had been shown to be selective for tetrahedral oxyanions, with several competitive inhibitors and alternative substrates previously identified for the reverse reaction. Structural studies have now shown that the most potent oxyanion inhibitor (periodate) and a good alternative substrate (arsenate) each occupy the same catalytic phosphate-binding site. However, a rotation of a threonine side chain (Thr137) in the periodate complex disrupts an important hydrogen-bonding interaction with an active-site glutamate (Glu243) that participates in substrate orientation. This subtle change appears to be the difference between a substrate and an inhibitor of this enzyme.
PDB ID: 1TB4Download
MMDB ID: 30891
PDB Deposition Date: 2004/5/19
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.15  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1TB4: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA,PQS)
Molecular Components in 1TB4
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Aspartate-semialdehyde Dehydrogenase(Gene symbol: asd)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
1
2
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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