National Center for
1SMZ: Structure of Transportan in phospholipid bicellar solution
FEBS Lett. (2004) 567 p.265-269
Transportan is a chimeric cell-penetrating peptide constructed from the peptides galanin and mastoparan, which has the ability to internalize living cells carrying a hydrophilic load. In this study, we have determined the NMR solution structure and investigated the position of transportan in neutral bicelles. The structure revealed a well-defined alpha-helix in the C-terminal mastoparan part of the peptide and a weaker tendency to form an alpha-helix in the N-terminal domain. The position of the peptide in relation to the membrane, as studied by adding paramagnetic probes, shows that the peptide lies parallel to, and in the head-group region of the membrane surface. This result is supported by amide proton secondary chemical shifts.