National Center for
1S7N: Ribosomal L7/L12 alpha-N-protein acetyltransferase in complex with Coenzyme A (CoA free sulfhydryl)
J. Biol. Chem. (2005) 280 p.22108-22114
RimL is responsible for converting the prokaryotic ribosomal protein from L12 to L7 by acetylation of its N-terminal amino group. We demonstrate that purified RimL is capable of posttranslationally acetylating L12, exhibiting a V(max) of 21 min(-1). We have also determined the apostructure of RimL from Salmonella typhimurium and its complex with coenzyme A, revealing a homodimeric oligomer with structural similarity to other Gcn5-related N-acetyltransferase superfamily members. A large central trough located at the dimer interface provides sufficient room to bind both L12 N-terminal helices. Structural and biochemical analysis indicates that RimL proceeds by single-step transfer rather than a covalent-enzyme intermediate. This is the first structure of a Gcn5-related N-acetyltransferase family member with demonstrated activity toward a protein N(alpha)-amino group and is a first step toward understanding the molecular basis for N(alpha)acetylation and its function in cellular regulation.