National Center for
1RM0: Crystal Structure Of Myo-Inositol 1-Phosphate Synthase From Saccharomyces Cerevisiae In Complex With Nad+ And 2-Deoxy-D-Glucitol 6-(E)-Vinylhomophosphonate
The structure of the 1L-myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase-NAD+-2-deoxy-D-glucitol 6-(E)-vinylhomophosphonate complex demands a revision of the enzyme mechanism
J. Biol. Chem. (2004) 279 p.13889-13895
1l-myo-inositol 1-phosphate (MIP) synthase catalyzes the conversion of d-glucose 6-phosphate to 1l-myo-inositol 1-phosphate, the first and rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of all inositol-containing compounds. It involves an oxidation, enolization, intramolecular aldol cyclization, and reduction. Here we present the structure of MIP synthase in complex with NAD(+) and a high-affinity inhibitor, 2-deoxy-d-glucitol 6-(E)-vinylhomophosphonate. This structure reveals interactions between the enzyme active site residues and the inhibitor that are significantly different from that proposed for 2-deoxy-d-glucitol 6-phosphate in the previously published structure of MIP synthase-NAD(+)-2-deoxy-d-glucitol 6-phosphate. There are several other conformational changes in NAD(+) and the enzyme active site as well. Based on the new structural data, we propose a new and completely different mechanism for MIP synthase.