National Center for
1RHY: Crystal Structure Of Imidazole Glycerol Phosphate Dehydratase
J. Biol. Chem. (2004) 279 p.15491-15498
Imidazole glycerol-phosphate dehydratase (IGPD) catalyzes the sixth step of histidine biosynthesis. The enzyme is of fundamental biochemical interest, because it catalyzes removal of a non-acidic hydrogen atom in the dehydration reaction. It is also a potential target for development of herbicides. IGPD is a metalloenzyme in which transition metals induce aggregation and are required for catalysis. Addition of 1 equivalent of Mn(2+)/subunit is shown by analytical ultracentrifugation to induce the formation of 24-mers from trimeric IGPD. Two histidine-rich motifs may participate in metal binding and aggregation. The 2.3-A crystal structure of metal-free trimeric IGPD from the fungus Filobasidiella neoformans reveals a novel fold containing an internal repeat, apparently the result of gene duplication. The 95-residue alpha/beta half-domain occurs in a few other proteins, including the GHMP kinase superfamily (galacto-homoserine-mevalonate-phosphomevalonate), but duplication to form a compact domain has not been seen elsewhere. Conserved residues cluster at two types of sites in the trimer, each site containing a conserved histidine-rich motif. A model is proposed for the intact, active 24-mer in which all highly conserved residues, including the histidine-rich motifs in both the N- and C-terminal halves of the polypeptide, cluster at a common site between trimers. This site is a candidate for the active site and also for metal binding leading to aggregation of trimers. The structure provides a basis for further studies of enzyme function and mechanism and for development of more potent and specific herbicides.