National Center for
1R1B: EPRS SECOND REPEATED ELEMENT, NMR, MINIMIZED AVERAGE STRUCTURE
EMBO J. (2000) 19 p.445-452
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases of higher eukaryotes possess polypeptide extensions in contrast to their prokaryotic counterparts. These extra domains of poorly understood function are believed to be involved in protein-protein or protein-RNA interactions. Here we showed by gel retardation and filter binding experiments that the repeated units that build the linker region of the bifunctional glutamyl-prolyl-tRNA synthetase had a general RNA-binding capacity. The solution structure of one of these repeated motifs was also solved by NMR spectroscopy. One repeat is built around an antiparallel coiled-coil. Strikingly, the conserved lysine and arginine residues form a basic patch on one side of the structure, presenting a suitable docking surface for nucleic acids. Therefore, this repeated motif may represent a novel type of general RNA-binding domain appended to eukaryotic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases to serve as a cis-acting tRNA-binding cofactor.