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1QAN: The Structure Of The Rrna Methyltransferase Ermc': Implications For The Reaction Mechanism
The 2.2 A structure of the rRNA methyltransferase ErmC' and its complexes with cofactor and cofactor analogs: implications for the reaction mechanism
J. Mol. Biol. (1999) 289 p.277-291» All references (2)
The rRNA methyltransferase ErmC' transfers methyl groups from S -adenosyl-l-methionine to atom N6 of an adenine base within the peptidyltransferase loop of 23 S rRNA, thus conferring antibiotic resistance against a number of macrolide antibiotics. The crystal structures of ErmC' and of its complexes with the cofactor S -adenosyl-l-methionine, the reaction product S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine and the methyltransferase inhibitor Sinefungin, respectively, show that the enzyme undergoes small conformational changes upon ligand binding. Overall, the ligand molecules bind to the protein in a similar mode as observed for other methyltransferases. Small differences between the binding of the amino acid parts of the different ligands are correlated with differences in their chemical structure. A model for the transition-state based on the atomic details of the active site is consistent with a one-step methyl-transfer mechanism and might serve as a first step towards the design of potent Erm inhibitors.