National Center for
1Q7L: Zn-binding Domain Of The T347g Mutant Of Human Aminoacylase- I
Essential roles of zinc ligation and enzyme dimerization for catalysis in the aminoacylase-1/M20 family
J. Biol. Chem. (2003) 278 p.44496-44504
Members of the aminoacylase-1 (Acy1)/M20 family of aminoacylases and exopeptidases exist as either monomers or homodimers. They contain a zinc-binding domain and a second domain mediating dimerization in the latter case. The roles that both domains play in catalysis have been investigated for human Acy1 (hAcy1) by x-ray crystallography and by site-directed mutagenesis. Structure comparison of the dinuclear zinc center in a mutant of hAcy1 reported here with dizinc centers in related enzymes points to a difference in zinc ligation in the Acy1/M20 family. Mutational analysis supports catalytic roles of zinc ions, a vicinal glutamate, and a histidine from the dimerization domain. By complementing different active site mutants of hAcy1, we show that catalysis occurs at the dimer interface. Reinterpretation of the structure of a monomeric homolog, peptidase V, reveals that a domain insertion mimics dimerization. We conclude that monomeric and dimeric Acy1/M20 family members share a unique active site architecture involving both enzyme domains. The study may provide means to improve homologous carboxypeptidase G2 toward application in antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy.