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1PCS: THE 2.15 A CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A TRIPLE MUTANT PLASTOCYANIN FROM THE CYANOBACTERIUM SYNECHOCYSTIS SP. PCC 6803
The 2.15 A crystal structure of a triple mutant plastocyanin from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
J. Mol. Biol. (1998) 275 p.327-336» All references (3)
The crystal structure of the triple mutant A42D/D47P/A63L plastocyanin from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 has been determined by Patterson search methods using the known structure of the poplar protein. Crystals of the triple mutant A42D/D47P/A63L, which are stable for days in its oxidized form, were grown from ammonium sulfate, with the cell constants a = b = 34.3 A and c = 111.8 A belonging to space group P3(2)21. The structure was refined using restrained crystallographic refinement to an R-factor of 16.7% for 4070 independent reflections between 8.0 and 2.15 A with intensities greater than 2 sigma (I), with root mean square deviations of 0.013 A and 1.63 degrees from ideal bond lengths and bond angles, respectively. The final model comprises 727 non-hydrogen protein atoms within 98 residues, 75 water molecules and a single copper ion. The overall tertiary fold of Synechocystis plastocyanin consists of a compact ellipsoidal beta-sandwich structure made up of two beta-sheets embracing a hydrophobic core. Each sheet contains parallel and antiparallel beta-strands. In addition to the beta-sheets, the structure contains an alpha-helix from Pro47 to Lys54 that follows beta-strand 4. The three-dimensional structure of Synechocystis plastocyanin is thus similar to those reported for the copper protein isolated from eukaryotic organisms and, in particular, from the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis, the only cyanobacterial plastocyanin structure available so far. The molecule holds an hydrophobic region surrounding His87, as do other plastocyanins, but the lack of negatively charged residues at the putative distant remote site surrounding Tyr83 could explain why the Synechocystis protein exhibits a collisional reaction mechanism for electron transfer to photosystem I (PSI), which involves no formation of the transient plastocyanin-PSI complex kinetically observed in green algae and higher plants.