National Center for
1OKX: Binding Structure of Elastase Inhibitor Scyptolin A
Chem. Biol. (2003) 10 p.997-1001
Natural bioactive compounds are of general interest to pharmaceutical research because they may be used as leads in drug development campaigns. Among them, scyptolin A and B from Scytonema hofmanni PCC 7110 are known to inhibit porcine pancreatic elastase, which in turn resembles the attractive drug target neutrophil elastase. The crystal structure of scyptolin A as bound to pancreatic elastase was solved at 2.8 A resolution. The inhibitor occupies the most prominent subsites S1 through S4 of the elastase and prevents a hydrolytic attack by covering the active center with its rigid ring structure. The observed binding structure may help to design potent elastase inhibitors.