National Center for
1MHQ: Crystal Structure Of Human Gga2 Vhs Domain
FEBS Lett. (2003) 537 p.171-176
Golgi-localized, gamma-ear-containing, ARF binding (GGA) proteins regulate intracellular vesicle transport by recognizing sorting signals on the cargo surface in the initial step of the budding process. The VHS (VPS27, Hrs, and STAM) domain of GGA binds with the signal peptides. Here, a crystal structure of the VHS domain of GGA2 is reported at 2.2 A resolution, which permits a direct comparison with that of homologous proteins, GGA1 and GGA3. Significant structural difference is present in the loop between helices 6 and 7, which forms part of the ligand binding pocket. Intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopic study indicates that this loop undergoes a conformational change upon ligand binding. Thus, the current structure suggests that a conformational change induced by ligand binding occurs in this part of the ligand pocket.