1LRT: Crystal Structure Of Ternary Complex Of Tritrichomonas Foetus Inosine- 5'-monophosphate Dehydrogenase: Structural Characterization Of Nad+ Site In Microbial Enzyme

Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) catalyzes the conversion of IMP to XMP with the reduction of NAD(+), which is the rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of guanine nucleotides. IMPDH is a promising target for chemotherapy. Microbial IMPDHs differ from mammalian enzymes in their lower affinity for inhibitors such as mycophenolic acid (MPA) and thiazole-4-carboxamide adenine dinucleotide (TAD). Part of this resistance is determined by the coupling between nicotinamide and adenosine subsites in the NAD(+) binding site that is postulated to involve an active site flap. To understand the structural basis of the drug selectivity, we solved the X-ray crystal structure of the catalytic core domain of Tritrichomonas foetus IMPDH in complex with IMP and beta-methylene-TAD at 2.2 A resolution. Unlike previous structures of this enzyme, the active site loop is ordered in this complex, and the catalytic Cys319 is 3.6 A from IMP, in the same plane as the hypoxanthine ring. The active site loop forms hydrogen bonds to the carboxamide of beta-Me-TAD which suggests that NAD(+) promotes the nucleophillic attack of Cys319 on IMP. The interactions of the adenosine end of TAD are very different from those in the human enzyme, suggesting the NAD(+) site may be an exploitable target for the design of antimicrobial drugs. In addition, a new K(+) site is observed at the subunit interface. This site is adjacent to beta-Me-TAD, consistent with the link between the K(+) activation and NAD(+). However, contrary to the coupling model, the flap does not cover the adenosine subsite and remains largely disordered.
PDB ID: 1LRTDownload
MMDB ID: 23378
PDB Deposition Date: 2002/5/15
Updated in MMDB: 2012/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.2  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1LRT: tetrameric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 1LRT
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (4 molecules)
Inosine-5'-monophosphate Dehydrogenase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (26 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB