National Center for
1LK2: 1.35a Crystal Structure of H-2kb Complexed With the Gnysfyal Peptide
A peptide that antagonizes TCR-mediated reactions with both syngeneic and allogeneic agonists: functional and structural aspects
J. Immunol. (2004) 172 p.2994-3002
We identify and consider some characteristics of a peptide antagonist for the Ag-specific receptor on 2C cells (the 2C TCR). The peptide, GNYSFYAL (called GNY), binds to H-2K(b), and a very high-resolution crystal structure of the GNY-K(b) complex at 1.35 A is described. Although the GNY peptide does not bind to L(d), the potency of GNY-K(b) as an antagonist is evident from its ability to specifically inhibit 2C TCR-mediated reactions to an allogenic agonist complex (QLSPFPFDL-L(d)), as well as to a syngeneic agonist complex (SIYRYYGL-K(b)). The crystal structure and the activities of alanine-substituted peptide variants point to the properties of the peptide P4 side chain and the conformation of the Tyr-P6 side chain as the structural determinants of GNYSFYAL antagonist activity.