National Center for
1KVX: CARBOXYLIC ESTER HYDROLASE, SINGLE MUTANT D99A OF BOVINE PANCREATIC PLA2, 1.9 A ORTHORHOMBIC FORM
Structures of the catalytic site mutants D99A and H48Q and the calcium-loop mutant D49E of phospholipase A2
Acta Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr. (1999) 55 p.443-447» All references (7)
Crystal structures of the active-site mutants D99A and H48Q and the calcium-loop mutant D49E of bovine phospholipase A2 have been determined at around 1.9 A resolution. The D99A mutant is isomorphous to the orthorhombic recombinant enzyme, space group P212121. The H48Q and the calcium-loop mutant D49E are isomorphous to the trigonal recombinant enzyme, space group P3121. The two active-site mutants show no major structural perturbations. The structural water is absent in D99A and, therefore, the hydrogen-bonding scheme is changed. In H48Q, the catalytic water is present and hydrogen bonded to Gln48 N, but the second water found in native His48 is absent. In the calcium-loop mutant D49E, the two water molecules forming the pentagonal bipyramid around calcium are absent and only one O atom of the Glu49 carboxylate group is coordinated to calcium, resulting in only four ligands.