National Center for
1K3S: Type Iii Secretion Chaperone Sige
Nat. Struct. Biol. (2001) 8 p.1031-1036
Several Gram-negative bacterial pathogens have evolved a type III secretion system to deliver virulence effector proteins directly into eukaryotic cells, a process essential for disease. This specialized secretion process requires customized chaperones specific for particular effector proteins. The crystal structures of the enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 Tir-specific chaperone CesT and the Salmonella enterica SigD-specific chaperone SigE reveal a common overall fold and formation of homodimers. Site-directed mutagenesis suggests that variable, delocalized hydrophobic surfaces observed on the chaperone homodimers are responsible for specific binding to a particular effector protein. Isothermal titration calorimetry studies of Tir-CesT and enzymatic activity profiles of SigD-SigE indicate that the effector proteins are not globally unfolded in the presence of their cognate chaperones.