National Center for
1JW1: Crystallization And Structure Determination Of Goat Lactoferrin At 4.0 Resolution: A New Form Of Packing In Lactoferrins With A High Solvent Content In Crystals
Crystallization and structure determination of goat lactoferrin at 4.0 Å resolution: a new form of packing in lactoferrins with a high solvent content in crystals
Indian J. Biochem. Biophys. (2002) 39 p.16-21
Lactoferrin was purified from fresh samples of goat colostrums, saturated with Fe3+ and CO3(2-) ions and crystallized by microdialysis method. The crystals belong to orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with a=104.6 A, b=153.8 A, c=155.1 A and Z=4. The quality of crystals was poor, thus the intensity data were restricted to 4.0 A resolution only. The structure was determined by molecular replacement method using diferric buffalo lactoferrin as a model. The solution clearly indicated the presence of one molecule in the asymmetric unit, which corresponds to a Vm value of 7.1 A3/Da. The structure was refined with stringent constraints to an R-factor of 0.246 using all the reflections 15,870 to 4.0 A resolution. The overall structure of goat lactoferrin is essentially similar to those of buffalo and bovine lactoferrins. However, the iron-binding environment in goat lactoferrin is somewhat different, in which 2 CO3(2-). ions have low occupancies. The solvent content of approximately 84% was very high in the present case which explains the fragility of the crystals of goat lactoferrin. In a way, it is very surprising that the crystals grow at all, although crystals with solvent as high as 89% have been reported.