Alanine scanning was used to determine the affinity contributions of 10 side chain amino acids (residues at position 50-60 inclusive) of H chain complementarity-determining region 2 (HCDR2) of the somatically mutated high-affinity anti-p-azophenylarsonate Ab, 36-71. Each mutated H chain gene was expressed in the context of mutated (36-71L) and the unmutated (36-65L) L chains to also assess the contribution of L chain mutations to affinity. Combined data from fluorescence quenching, direct binding, inhibition, and capture assays indicated that mutating H:Tyr(50) and H:Tyr(57) to Ala in the 36-71 H chain results in significant loss of binding with both mutated (36-71L) or unmutated (36-65L) L chain, although the decrease was more pronounced when unmutated L chain was used. All other HCDR2 mutations in 36-71 had minimal effect on Ab affinity when expressed with 36-71 L chain. However, in the context of unmutated L chain, of H:Gly(54) to Ala resulted in significant loss of binding, while Abs containing Asn(52) to Ala, Pro(53) to Ala, or Ile(58) to Ala mutation exhibited 4.3- to 7.1-fold reduced affinities. When alanine scanning was performed instead on certain HCDR2 residues of the germline-encoded (unmutated) 36-65 Ab and expressed with unmutated L chain as Fab in bacteria, these mutants exhibited affinities similar to or slightly higher than the wild-type 36-65. These findings indicate an important role of certain HCDR2 side chain residues on Ab affinity and the constraints imposed by L chain mutations in maintaining Ag binding.
PDB ID: 1JFQDownload
MMDB ID: 18816
PDB Deposition Date: 2001/6/21
Updated in MMDB: 2017/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.9  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1JFQ: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 1JFQ
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Antigen-binding Fragment of Anti-phenylarsonate Antibody
Molecule annotation
Antigen-binding Fragment of Anti-phenylarsonate Antibody(Gene symbol: LOC238440)
Molecule annotation
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Citing MMDB