National Center for
1IZ0: Crystal Structures Of The Quinone Oxidoreductase From Thermus Thermophilus Hb8 And Its Complex With Nadph
Crystal structures of the quinone oxidoreductase from Thermus thermophilus HB8 and its complex with NADPH: implication for NADPH and substrate recognition
J. Bacteriol. (2003) 185 p.4211-4218» All references (2)
The crystal structures of the zeta-crystalline-like soluble quinone oxidoreductase from Thermus thermophilus HB8 (QOR(Tt)) and of its complex with NADPH have been determined at 2.3- and 2.8-A resolutions, respectively. QOR(Tt) is composed of two domains, and its overall fold is similar to the folds of Escherichia coli quinone oxidoreductase (QOR(Ec)) and horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase. QOR(Tt) forms a homodimer in the crystal by interaction of the betaF-strands in domain II, forming a large beta-sheet that crosses the dimer interface. High thermostability of QOR(Tt) was evidenced by circular dichroic measurement. NADPH is located between the two domains in the QOR(Tt)-NADPH complex. The disordered segment involved in the coenzyme binding of apo-QOR(Tt) becomes ordered upon NADPH binding. The segment covers an NADPH-binding cleft and may serve as a lid. The 2'-phosphate group of the adenine of NADPH is surrounded by polar and positively charged residues in QOR(Tt), suggesting that QOR(Tt) binds NADPH more readily than NADH. The putative substrate-binding site of QOR(Tt), unlike that of QOR(Ec), is largely blocked by nearby residues, permitting access only to small substrates. This may explain why QOR(Tt) has weak p-benzoquinone reduction activity and is inactive with such large substrates of QOR(Ec) as 5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone and phenanthraquinone.