National Center for
1IXY: Ternary Complex Of T4 Phage Bgt With Udp And A 13 Mer Dna Duplex
A base-flipping mechanism for the T4 phage beta-glucosyltransferase and identification of a transition-state analog
J. Mol. Biol. (2002) 324 p.483-490
T4 phage beta-glucosyltransferase (BGT) modifies T4 DNA. We crystallized BGT with UDP-glucose and a 13mer DNA fragment containing an abasic site. We obtained two crystal structures of a ternary complex BGT-UDP-DNA at 1.8A and 2.5A resolution, one with a Tris molecule and the other with a metal ion at the active site. Both structures reveal a large distortion in the bound DNA. BGT flips the deoxyribose moiety at the abasic site to an extra-helical position and induces a 40 degrees bend in the DNA with a marked widening of the major groove. The Tris molecule mimics the glucose moiety in its transition state. The base-flipping mechanism, which has so far been observed only for glycosylases, methyltransferases and endonucleases, is now reported for a glucosyltransferase. BGT is unique in binding and inserting a loop into the DNA duplex through the major groove only. Furthermore, BGT compresses the backbone DNA one base further than the target base on the 3'-side.